Australia and Olympic Volleyball
Kerri Pottharst and Natalie Cook won Australia’s first ever Olympic volleyball medal when they won the bronze on the beach at Atlanta in 1996 at the discipline's debut. Four years later in Sydney, Pottharst and Cook won the gold medal before thousands of hometown fans on Bondi Beach.
Tamsin Hinchley (Barnett), who played indoor volleyball for Australia in Sydney 2000, switched to the beach and finished fifth alongside Cook in Beijing 2008. The London Olympics marked Cook’s fifth and final Games. She bowed out as the only athlete to have competed in all five beach competitions since its Olympic inception and the first female summer Olympian to compete at five Games for Australia.
In the indoor variety of volleyball, the men's and women's teams competed in 2000 by virtue of being host nation. In 2004 and 2012 the men's team qualified for the Games.
The International Volleyball Federation was founded in 1946, ten years before the sport was recognised by the International Olympic Committee. Volleyball (indoor) for men and women was added to the Olympic program in Tokyo 1964 with the Soviet Union winning the men’s and Japan the women’s in front of the home crowd.
Beach volleyball gained Olympic status in Atlanta 1996. The United States team of Charles “Karch” Kiraly and Kent Steffes won the men’s title. Kiraly was a member of the gold medal-winning United States team in indoor volleyball in Los Angeles 1984 and Seoul 1988.
Traditional six-a-side indoor volleyball is referred to at the Olympic Games as volleyball. So the Olympic sport of volleyball has two disciplines - beach volleyball and volleyball. Both disciplines follow the same basic skills, and the flow of play follows similar lines: one team serves, the other tries to win the rally - or 'side-out' - with a pattern of dig, set, spike within the requisite three touches.
In volleyball, the team winning a rally scores a point (Rally Point System). When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its players rotate one position clockwise.
Indoor matches are played in the “best of five set” format. The first four sets are played to 25 points and the fifth set to 15. For all sets a 2 point advantage is required, with no cap.
Beach volleyball matches are the “best two of three set” format. The first team to win two sets wins the match. The first two sets are played to 21 points, and the 3rd set if needed is played to 15 points. For all sets a 2 point advantage is required, with no cap.