Australia and Olympic Nordic Combined
Hal Nerdal represented Australia in Nordic combined at the 1960 Games in Squaw Valley and there hasn’t been another Australian achieve this feat since. Nerdal participated in the 60m jump and the 15 kilometre cross country, gaining 332.387pts and placing 31st overall.
The Nordic combined title was considered the ultimate event of the early versions of the Olympic Winter Games. It appeared on the program of the first Games at Chamonix 1924 and has remained on the program ever since. The Nordic combined team event was added to the program at Calgary 1988.
The Gundersen Method has been used since Calgary 1988 and is named after its creator, Norway’s Gunnar Gundersen. It is used to determine the place startings for the cross-country. Once the jumping points are totalled, they are converted into time penalties. In brief, a 10 point lead provides for a one minute start.
Nordic combined has its 5,000 year-old roots in Norway. All three Nordic combined events consist of a ski jumping competition and a cross-country skiing race.
Each nation can enter up to four competitors, who do not need to be the same in the individual and team competitions. There is no Nordic combined event for women.
This event consists of two scored ski jumps on the normal hill (90m) and a 15km cross-country ski race. Each jump is scored for length and style and the results determine the start order for the cross-country. The winner of the ski jumping competition starts in first place and the points from ski jumping are converted into time differences for the starting order of the cross-country race.
The sprint event is contested with a ski jump on the large-hill (120m) and a 7.5km cross-country race. The start order for this race is determined on the basis of the ski jumping results. The winner of the ski jumping competition starts in first place and the points from ski jumping are converted into time differences for the starting order of the cross-country race.
The event consists of two scored ski jumps from the large hill (120m) and a cross-country relay 4x5km freestyle race. Each team consists of four jumpers who take two jumps in the first part of the competition. The team's score in the jumping portion is the total score of the eight jumps. The same skiers who participate in the jumping must compete in the 4x5km relay and the start order is determined by ski jumping results. The winner is the team whose final skier crosses the finish line first.