In 1908, Reginald “Snowy” Baker became the first Australian to compete in Olympic diving. He placed 22nd in the springboard whilst also winning silver in boxing at the same Games.

From 1912 until 1924, plain high diving for men was held as an event. This was a straight dive off the platform with no twists or turns. Australia's Richmond “Dick” Eve won this event in Paris 1924.

In Sydney 2000, Australia returned to the dais in Olympic diving after more than three quarters of a century. Robert Newbery and Dean Pullar won bronze in the men’s synchronised springboard as did Rebecca Gilmore and Loudy Tourky in the women’s synchronised platform.

In Athens 2004, Australia was the second most powerful diving nation winning six medals (1 gold, 1 silver and 4 bronze) to China’s nine. Chantelle Newbery's gold medal (ahead of Loudy Tourky with the bronze) in the women's platform was Australia's first Olympic diving gold since Dick Eve in 1924. Chantelle’s husband Robert won two bronze medals in the men's synchronised events to bring his Olympic medal tally to three. Chantelle and Robert became the first Australian husband and wife to win medals at the same Olympic Games.

At the 2008 Games in Beijing, 16-year-old Melissa Wu teamed up with Briony Cole to win silver in the synchronised platform behind Xin Wang and Ruolin Chen from China. One of the greatest Australian stories of the Games came from the diving when Matthew Mitcham produced the highest scoring dive in Olympic history to win the 10-metre platform. In doing so he denied China a clean sweep of all eight diving events on offer.

Brittany Broben ensured that Australia won a medal at its fourth consecutive Olympics when she claimed silver in the women's 10m platform at the 2012 Games. The youngest member of the 410 Australian athletes competing in London, Broben held her nerve to nail a strong last dive and ensure she would stand on the medal dais at her debut Games appearance.

Loudy Wiggins (Tourky) went close to winning her third Olympic medal after making a comeback to the sport when she finished fourth with partner Rachel Bugg in the women's synchronised 10m platform event, while defending Olympic Champion Matthew Mitcham missed out on the men's 10m platform final by one position.