First Games

First Modern Games 1896 Athens


The ancient Olympic Games in Greece were held every four years for over 1000 years until abolished by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.  Some 1500 years later Pierre de Coubertin organized 79 delegates from nine countries to meet in 1892 to revive the Olympic Games. This led to the first International Olympic Committee and the selection of Athens as the most
appropriate host city of the first Olympic Games of the modern era. About 300 athletes, representing 13 countries, although not necessarily chosen by their country participated.

Like many athletes, Australia’s Edwin Flack came to Athens at his own expense and not officially selected by Australia to represent his country and the ideals of Olympism.

Phidippides in the marathon

Useful Links

Historical context  

What was happening.

The Games

Location, preparations, protocols, key issues.


Key events, athlete profiles, team results.


Teacher Guides

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