Innsbruck 2012

New Event Explanations for Innsbruck 2012

The competition program for Innsbruck 2012 is very exciting. Some events such as Ski-halfpipe and women's Ski Jumping will make their Olympic debuts ahead of Sochi 2014. There are also some events that are unique to Innsbruck 2012 such as the Ice Hockey Individual Skills Challenge. Most sports also have some variations with mixed gender or mixed country relay options.

Below explains the event variations for the Winter Youth Olympic Games. 

ALPINE SKIING
Mixed Parallel Team (two men & two women)

The teams competing in the Alpine Skiing-Mixed Parallel Team event consist of four competitors (two men and two women) from the same NOC. The team event is conducted as a parallel giant-slalom race. The best eight NOCs will qualify in the Marc Hodler Trophy, a combined ranking established during the Junior World Championships 2011. In case of a tie after the four runs, the nation with the best individual (man/woman) run time will win. If these times are equal, the times from the two other team members will be added and the total times compared. Should the times still be equal, a re-run will be held with one man and one woman from each team (Golden Run.

BIATHLON
Mixed Relay (two men & two women)

The Biathlon Mixed Relay event teams consist of two men and two women. The two men will ski 3 x 2.5 km (7.5 km); the two women will ski 3 x 2 km (6 km). The first competitors from each team will start simultaneously, with the next team member starting only when having been tagged by their incoming team member. All four athletes will shoot once prone and once standing. The biathletes shoot once at each of the five targets; a team member who misses a target may use three extra bullets per shooting stage; these bullets must be loaded individually, by hand, after the five rounds have been shot. If there are still misses after all eight rounds, the penalty loop for each missed target is 150 m. All skiing techniques are permitted. The team whose final skier is the first to cross the finish line is the winner.

CROSS COUNTRY SKIING / BIATHLON

Mixed Relay
The teams com-peting in the Cross Country Skiing / Biathlon Mixed Relay event will consist of two women and two men, one from each discipline – Cross-Country (CC) and Biathlon (BT). The starting order of the team members is BT women, CC women, BT men, CC men. The first competitors of each team will start simultaneously, with the next team member starting only when having been tagged by their incoming team member. The biathlon section is the same as in the Biathlon-Mixed Relay: the women will ski 3 x 2km (6 km); the men will ski 3 x 2.5 km (7.5 km). The biathletes will shoot first prone (once), then standing (once). The biathletes take one round at each of the five targets. If a team member misses a target, the athlete may use three extra bullets per shooting stage. If there are still misses after all eight rounds, the penalty loop for each missed target is 150 m. The women competing in Cross Country will complete 2 x 2 km (4 km); the men will ski 2 x 2.5 km (5 km). All skiing techniques are permitted. The team whose final skier is the first to cross the finish line is the winner.

CURLING

Mixed Team Competition (two men & two women)

The Curling Mixed Team Competition is a mixed-gender event with teams from 16 NOCs, and featuring a total of 64 players (32 male and 32 female). There will be 16 NOC teams in the Mixed Team Competition. Each NOC team consists of two men and two women. The teams will be divided into two round robin groups of eight teams. All teams will play each other within a group. The top four teams from each group will play in cross-over quarter-finals, followed by semi-finals and medal events (gold and bronze medal events). A game is made up of eight ends. An end consists of each of the four team members playing two stones alternately with the opponent’s stones (for a total of eight stones per team). A 3.66-metre (12-foot) circle is the scoring area. For each stone closer to the centre of the house than any of the opponent’s, one point is scored. Every stone within 1.83 metres (6 feet) of the tee is eligible to be counted. If the teams are tied at the completion of eight ends, a complete extra end must be played in order to break the tie. If both teams are still tied after the extra end, play must continue for as many ends as may be required to break the tie.
NOC Doubles Competition (one man & one woman)
The NOC Doubles Competition is a mixed-gender and mixed-NOC event featuring a total of 64 players (32 male and 32 female) from 16 NOCs. At the completion of the Mixed Team Competition, all players will take part in the NOC Doubles Competition. The mixed pairs will be determined based on a pre-established World Curling Federation (WCF) formula with one female and one male from different NOCs. The 32 pairs will play a straight knock-out format to determine the teams for the round of 16, the quarter-finals, the semi-finals and, finally, the bronze and gold medal events. A game is made up of eight ends. Each pair plays five stones per end, alternately with the opponent’s stones. One player of the pair delivers the first and last stones; the other player delivers the second, third and fourth stones. The player delivering the first stone and the last stone can change from end to end. If the teams are tied at the completion of eight ends, a complete extra end must be played in order to break the tie. If both teams are still tied after the extra end, play must continue for as many ends as may be required to break the tie.

FIGURE SKATING
Mixed-NOC Team Event (one single man & woman, one pair & one couple)
The Mixed-NOC Team Event is a team trophy consisting of eight mixed-NOC teams. The teams will be composed by lot out of the four disciplines. Each skater/couple performs a Free Skating/Free Dance programme. The team with the highest number of points will be the winner. The composition of the teams depends on the sum of results of the previous individual competitions (Single Men and Women, Pairs and Ice Dance), with the purpose to form equilibrated teams. Each team will collect points according to the individual placement of the skaters/couples within their individual competitions. The team points will be awarded for each place in each event according to the individual placement of the skaters (1st place – 8 points, 8th place – 1 point). The team with the highest number of points is the winner.

FREESTYLE SKIING
Ski Halfpipe (men & women)
The Ski Halfpipe competition is a judged sport. Each competitor performs individual runs with several tricks, spins and flips through an inclined snow trough. The Ski Halfpipe competition is based on a format with two qualifying runs and two final runs. The better of the two runs counts. After qualifying run 1, the top 12 women and top 12 men advance to the finals immediately. For final run 1, the start order is the reverse order of the qualifying results; for final run 2, the start order is the reverse order of the results of final run 1. The judging panel consists of five international judges, who evaluate a competitor’s performance according to the overall impression of the runs. The judges evaluate the sequences of tricks, the amount of risk in the routine and how the competitor uses the pipe. The judges take falls into consideration, and for every fall each judge can deduct up to 20 % of the points awarded for the run.

ICE HOCKEY
Individual Skills Challenge (men & women)
The 15 men and 15 women from nations not taking part in the tournament will perform a series of skills tests set up by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) These tests will demand a high level of speed, shooting accuracy and agility.
LUGE
 Mixed Team Relay (one man, one woman, one couple)
At the YOG 2012 there will be a Team Relay for men and women. The Team Relay event is open to athletes who have qualified for the individual sled disciplines (Men’s Singles/Women’s Singles/Doubles). A team iscomposed of one man, one woman and one doubles team; a single athlete may not compete in two events on the team. Mixed crews are possible for the Mixed Team Relay event and comprise a maximum of two nations (maximum of two different NOCs) who cannot form their own individual national teams. An NOC with one full team may not be represented by another of their athletes in a mixed-NOC team. Only one team per nation may participate.
The sled order will be the following: Doubles, Women’s Singles, Men’s Singles. The second and third sleds are released from an automatic start gate opened when the team member on course hits the finish touch pad. For the Mixed Team Relay, the team time is continuously measured from the moment when the first team member breaks the start light beam to the last team member hitting the touch pad at the finish line.

SHORT TRACK SPEED SKATING
Mixed-NOC Relay (two men & two women)
The Short Track Mixed-NOC Relay will be a mixed-NOC, mixed-gender event. Each relay team will comprise two men and two women from different NOCs. The composition of each relay team is based on the sum of points of the individual results and is made by the Competitor Steward with the purpose of forming equilibrated relay teams. Semi-finals, Final B and Final A will be skated in order to determine the winner and finishing order of the teams.


SKI JUMPING
Women’s Individual Competition
At the YOG 2012 – for the very first time at an Olympic Winter Games – there will be an individual ski jumping competition for women. The women’s event is a normal hill competition. The rules for women’s event are the same as those of the men’s competition.

Team Competition (one man, one woman, one Nordic Combined)
The mixed team event on the HS 109 normal hill is a new competition format, where teams consist of three competitors: one man and one woman from Ski Jumping, and one man from Nordic Combined. After the first round, only the top eight teams will move on to the final round. For the final round, the start order is the reverse order of the results of the first round.

SNOWBOARD
Slopestyle (men & women)
The Snowboard-Slopestyle events for men and women are judged competitions. The competition will be held on a course with a variety of hits, jumps, rails, tables, big-airs, etc. with two or more lines that the competitors can choose from. The details of the competition format and judging system are the same as in the Ski Halfpipe competitions.
SPEED SKATING
Mass Start (men & women)
The Mass Start format will be reintroduced to the Winter Olympic Games after its debut (and only appearance) at the Olympics in 1932 in Lake Placid (USA). For the Mass Start, all entered skaters start together, and only one competition lane (corresponding to the inside lane for individual races) is used. The men will skate over a distance of 12 laps (distance 4800m), while the women will skate in a separate race over 8 laps (distance 3200m). The skater who completes the distance first is the winner.